In 2018, revenue from personal income taxes made up 23.9 percent of total tax revenue across OECD countries. Countries tax labor income in various ways through payroll taxes, personal income taxes, and, in some cases, surtaxes. From 2017 to 2020, ten European countries in the OECD changed their top personal income tax rates. Of these ten countries, six cut their…

Read More

The work at the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) has included plans to propose a global minimum tax. While negotiations are ongoing, it is worth considering a design for the minimum tax that would be neutral toward investment decisions and minimize complexity and compliance costs. Over the summer, a draft of an OECD…

Read More

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the economies of many countries have been significantly damaged. In Sweden, GDP is expected to fall by 4.6 percent in 2020, despite the country’s lack of business and school lockdowns. In August, Sweden’s unemployment rate was 9 percent. Unsurprisingly, Sweden’s economic recovery is a priority in the upcoming…

Read More

Key Findings Implemented in 1991, Sweden’s carbon tax was one of the first in the world, second only to Finland’s carbon tax, which was implemented a year earlier. Sweden levies the highest carbon tax rate in the world, at SEK 1,190 (US $126) per metric ton of CO2. The tax is primarily levied on fossil…

Read More

This week, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) released its extended baseline projections, an annual update of what federal deficits, debt, spending, and revenues would look like over the next 30 years if current laws remain unchanged. These latest projections take into account the effects of the coronavirus pandemic and resulting economic disruption on revenues and…

Read More

Last week, Maryland Senator Antonio Hayes (D) announced that in the next legislative session he will sponsor a bill to increase Maryland’s alcohol excise tax to raise revenue for health-care spending. Specifically, the bill would, if enacted, increase the ad valorem component of the state’s alcohol excise tax from 9 percent to 10 percent. This…

Read More